Video games are a big deal on YouTube. Some video game You Tubers have millions of followers who tune in to watch them review games and have turned their channels into full-time jobs. But it can be hard for viewers to tell when video makers are getting paid big bucks to promote a game – and now government regulators are cracking down on those poorly disclosed deals.
The Federal Trade Commission announced Monday that it has reached a settlement with Warner Bros. Home Entertainment over what the agency deemed a deceptive marketing campaign for the 2014 game “Middle Earth: Shadow of Mordor,” which involved major payoffs to big names in the world of YouTube gaming in exchange for positive coverage.
Warner Bros., the FTC alleges, paid popular YouTubers tens of thousands of dollars to promote the game via a campaign managed by advertising company Plaid Social Labs. The blitz included a sponsored gameplay video from PewDiePie – one of the biggest names on YouTube. PewDiePie’s video alone has attracted more than 3.7 million views to date.
Warner Bros. gave You Tubers strict instructions to say only positive things about the game and stay silent about bugs they encountered, according to the FTC. Its contracts with the vloggers also demanded preapproval of the videos, the agency alleges.
But the company didn’t make the YouTubers disclose that they were paid to promote the game in their actual videos, where viewers would actually see them, according to the FTC. Instead, it told them to include a disclosure in the video description, but below a lot of other information that pushed “the vast majority” of the sponsorship disclosures down so far that they could be seen only if a viewer hit a “Show More” button.
Because of that placement, the disclosures also didn’t show up when the YouTubers shared their videos on Twitter or Facebook – social media promotion the company also required them to do, according to the FTC. And in some cases, the disclosures included way down in the descriptions of videos revealed only that a YouTuber had received a free early copy of the game, not that they’d been paid cash to make what was essentially an ad, the FTC alleges.
Under the settlement agreement, Warner Bros. will be barred from carrying out that sort of campaign in the future without more prominent disclosures.
“Consumers have the right to know if reviewers are providing their own opinions or paid sales pitches,” said Jessica Rich, director of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection, in a press release. Warner Bros. did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the settlement.
The FTC has long had guidelines for how people should disclose when they have been paid to endorse a product online, but this settlement marks the first time the agency has brought an enforcement action in the online video sponsorship market. Given the major push towards livestreaming from social media giants like Facebook and Twitter, it probably won’t be its last.