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An Introduction to Leukemia and Common Treatment Approaches

Blood cancer that isgenerally found in the bone marrow and blood is known as Leukaemia. This type of cancer is a result of therapid production of abnormal white blood cells. The assembly of these white blood cells harms the ability of the bone marrow to produce platelets and red blood cells in the affected patients.

Leukaemia can be found in both adults and children, and the effects of this disease vary from person to person – this can range from acute to chronic. Acute leukaemia grows faster than chronic leukaemia in patients. Leukaemia is broadly classified into acute lymphocytic leukaemia (ALL), chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML), chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML).

The abnormal growth in marrow cells is termed as Lymphocytic leukaemia and Myelogenous leukaemia is a result of the maturing of unusual growth of marrow cells into red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.

Origins and symptoms of leukaemia

The exact cause of Leukaemia is unknown but it generally results from continuous exposure to specific chemicals and high-level radiation exposure. The symptoms of this disease depends on the type and the stage it is at. Some of the common symptoms include fatigue, weakness, weight loss, bone pain, swollen tonsils, paleness and swollen or bleeding gums.

Treatment for leukaemia

The treatment for leukaemia depends on the type and stage of the disease. A Haematologist can be consulted for the treatment of this disease.The treatment of this disease also depends on the health, age and level of fitness of the person suffering from it.

Some of the popular treatment methods include chemotherapy, biological therapy, stem cell transplantation, radiation therapy or a combination of these methods. Generally, chemotherapy is used to treat the patients suffering from acute leukaemia as it has proven to be the method that shows optimum results.

The treatment for acute myelogenous leukaemia(AML) has two major phases, which include the induction to get rid of the AML and another treatment to stop AML from harming the patient again.

The patients with leukaemia are taken care under a multidisciplinary team known as MDT. They work together to decide the best process for the treatment of a patient. The process of treatment is often long and tiring, which is when an online medical shop like Zigy comes in handy for daily vitamins, supplements, soothing oils and healthy foods like muesli. The offer to deliver to your home makes matters much easier.

Chemotherapy

The process of chemotherapy includes the use of an anti-cancer drug, which destroys the cancer cells with least possible damage to the normal cells. The drug used in chemotherapy stops the cancer cells from reproducing and growing. Chemotherapy may be done by giving the patient tablets or injections.

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